he Therapeutic Power of the Great Outdoors: Boosting Mental Health

Introduction to the Healing Effects of Nature

The great outdoors has long been a sanctuary for those seeking tranquility and a break from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. In recent years, scientific research has started to uncover the profound positive impact that being outdoors can have on mental health. This 600-word article explores the various ways in which nature benefits our psychological well-being, offering insights into why spending time outside is not just a leisure activity, but a crucial component of mental health maintenance.

The Science Behind Nature’s Healing

The connection between nature and mental health goes beyond mere intuition or anecdotal evidence; it is grounded in scientific research. Studies have shown that spending time in natural environments can reduce symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress. This is partly attributed to the reduction of cortisol, a stress hormone, in the body when one is immersed in nature. Additionally, natural settings have been found to increase activity in parts of the brain associated with empathy and altruism, fostering a sense of connection and well-being.

Nature’s Impact on Mood and Emotion

One of the most immediate benefits of stepping outdoors is the improvement in mood and emotional state. The serenity and beauty of natural environments can evoke feelings of awe and happiness, offering a respite from negative thoughts and emotions. The sensory experience of nature – the sound of birds chirping, the sight of greenery, and the feel of fresh air – can have a calming effect, grounding individuals in the present moment and reducing feelings of anxiety.

Enhancing Cognitive Function and Creativity

Being outdoors not only uplifts mood but also enhances cognitive functions. Exposure to natural environments has been linked to improved attention, memory, and creativity. Nature acts as a gentle stimulant for the brain, providing a refreshing break that can boost mental clarity and foster creative thinking. This is especially beneficial in today’s fast-paced world, where constant stimulation and digital overload can lead to mental fatigue.

Physical Health and Mental Well-being

The connection between physical and mental health is well-established, and outdoor activities often involve physical exercise, be it a gentle walk, a hike, or a more vigorous activity like cycling or kayaking. Physical activity releases endorphins, known as ‘feel-good’ hormones, which can improve mood and reduce feelings of anxiety and depression. Moreover, outdoor exercise often comes with the added benefit of exposure to sunlight, which helps regulate the body’s internal clock and improves sleep quality.

Social Connections in Natural Settings

Outdoor activities frequently have a social component, whether it’s a family hike, a group bike ride, or a community gardening project. These activities foster social connections and a sense of community, which are essential for mental health. Social interactions in natural settings can be particularly beneficial, as they combine the therapeutic effects of nature with the support and joy derived from socializing with others.

The Role of Mindfulness and Nature

Being outdoors encourages mindfulness – the practice of being fully present and engaged in the moment. Nature’s intrinsic beauty and serenity make it easier to practice mindfulness, which has been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression and improve overall emotional well-being.

Conclusion: Embracing Nature for Mental Wellness

In conclusion, the positive impact of being outdoors on mental health is undeniable. From reducing stress and anxiety to enhancing mood, creativity, and social connections, nature offers a multitude of psychological benefits. As we navigate the challenges of modern life, making time to step outside and immerse ourselves in the natural world is not just a luxury, but a vital practice for maintaining mental wellness. Whether it’s a daily walk in the park, a weekend hike, or simply spending time in a garden, embracing the healing power of the great outdoors is a simple yet effective way to boost mental health.

The Importance of Natural Daylight On Our Health

Introduction to Natural Daylight

Natural daylight, a crucial element in our daily lives, is more than just a source of illumination. It plays an important role in various aspects of our health, psychological well-being, and environmental sustainability. This article delves into the multifaceted benefits of natural daylight, emphasising the importance of integrating it into our living and working environments through the use of window blinds and other design strategies.

Health Benefits of Natural Daylight

One of the most significant advantages of natural daylight is its impact on physical health. Exposure to sunlight is essential for the purpose of Vitamin D in the body, a vital nutrient that plays a crucial role in bone health, immune function, and mood regulation. Moreover, natural light helps regulate our circadian rhythms, the internal biological clock that governs our sleep-wake cycle. Proper exposure to daylight can improve sleep quality and reduce the risk of sleep disorders.

Psychological and Emotional Well-being

Beyond physical health, natural daylight positively influences psychological and emotional well-being. Studies have revealed that exposure to natural light can enhance mood, increase productivity, and reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety. The presence of natural light in workspaces and schools has been linked to improved performance, higher levels of concentration, and reduced eye strain and headaches.

Environmental and Energy Efficiency

Utilising natural daylight in buildings can significantly reduce the reliance and use of artificial lighting, leading to substantial energy savings and a lower carbon footprint. This is especially important in the context of global efforts to combat climate change and promote sustainable living practices. Daylighting, the practice of designing buildings to maximise the use of natural light, not only cuts down on energy consumption but also reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity generation.

Window Blinds: A Solution for Optimising Daylight

Integrating natural daylight into our living and working spaces can be effectively achieved through the strategic use of window blinds. Modern window blinds in Glasgow are designed not just to block out light but to control and optimise the amount of daylight entering a room. They come in various materials, styles, and functionalities, catering to different needs and preferences.

Types of Window Blinds
  1. Venetian Blinds: Comprising horizontal slats, these blinds offer excellent control over light levels and privacy. They can be adjusted to let in the desired amount of light while minimising glare and heat.
  2. Roller Blinds: Ideal for managing daylight in a sleek and minimalistic way, roller blinds can be made from semi-transparent materials that filter and soften the incoming light.
  3. Vertical Blinds: Suitable for large windows and glass doors, vertical blinds allow for precise control of light and privacy. They can be angled to direct sunlight where needed or drawn back completely for maximum daylight exposure.

Optimising Daylight with Window Blinds

Using window blinds to optimise natural daylight involves more than just opening and closing them. It’s about understanding the movement of the sun throughout the day and adjusting the blinds accordingly. During summer, blinds can be used to prevent excessive heat and glare while still allowing in ample light. In winter, they can be opened to maximise solar gain and natural warmth.

Design Considerations for Maximising Daylight

In addition to window blinds, several design considerations can enhance the use of natural daylight in buildings:

  • Orientation and Window Placement: The orientation of windows can significantly impact the amount of natural light a room receives. South-facing windows, for example, provide the most daylight in the northern hemisphere.
  • Reflective Surfaces: Using light-colored walls, ceilings, and floors can help distribute daylight more evenly throughout a space.
  • Skylights and Light Tubes: These can be effective in bringing daylight into the central areas of a building where windows may not provide sufficient light.

Conclusion: Embracing the Sun’s Gifts

In conclusion, natural daylight is a precious resource that offers numerous benefits ranging from health and well-being to environmental sustainability. By incorporating window blinds and thoughtful design strategies, we can harness the power of the sun to create spaces that are not only energy-efficient but also conducive to our overall quality of life. As we move towards a more sustainable future, the intelligent use of natural daylight will continue to be an essential component of building design and living practices.

How to Get Your Kid to Exercise in Glasgow

kid running in the field

However, some children struggle with getting started. Parents can motivate their kids by setting an example and being supportive during physical activity sessions.

Kids are happiest and most motivated for physical activity when they have fun and this article goes into that a little bit. Fun fitness starts by making it a family affair and using competition as an incentive. Set small, achievable goals like increasing the number of jumping jacks or push-ups done or walking to school instead of riding in your car.

Signing Your Child Up for a Sports Team

Kids involved in organised sports not only get 60 minutes of physical activity each day, but they can also learn valuable lessons about teamwork and the benefits of hard work. Before enrolling your child in any new activity, however, make sure it suits their interests, age, and maturity level.

Early discussions about your child’s interests “can help assess their drive and gauge whether they’ll stick with something long enough to reap its rewards,” Douglas suggests. Understanding their commitment level makes supporting their efforts much simpler for parents; taking bike rides or joining video-led yoga or workout classes are great ways to keep children active and have fun while remaining physically fit. If your kids are not having fun over a long period of time, they should try something else.

Make exercise a family activity.

Encouraging children to exercise may seem challenging when their parents don’t set an example by exercising themselves. Set an excellent example by walking to work, taking the stairs, and engaging in other physical pursuits yourself.

Kid Fitness Tip: 

Make exercise enjoyable by making it part of a family activity, like game night or hiking. Both options will get everyone moving!

When people are not enjoying an activity, the motivation to continue the exercise slowly dwindles.

One great idea for creating exercise cards using standard playing cards is to create a deck of cards with each card representing an activity (for instance, hearts = pushups, clubs = crunches and diamonds = jumping jacks). Playing them then becomes similar to solitaire but more social and active!

Involve your child in everyday chores.

Chores can be an integral component of childhood, helping children become more self-reliant while teaching them responsibility. Beginning early can even make chores enjoyable and stimulating!

Assign tasks such as weeding the garden or playing catch in the backyard for them to contribute. Or challenge them by timing how fast they can empty out the garbage can or fill up their water bottle.

Small cautions against using chores as punishment, since this could backfire and they may refuse to complete them in the future.

Set a regular routine.

Helping children follow a schedule of DISCIPLINE requires consistency. When kids see that attending nursery in Govan or school, brushing teeth, and wearing seat belts are not up for discussion, they may be less likely to challenge any exercise restrictions you set in place.

Exercise shouldn’t feel like a burden; rather, it should be something fun! Children might enjoy stretching, jumping, and running games with their parents; tweens and teens might prefer dancing or joining in on video-led yoga or workout sessions with trainers.

Remind children what is expected each day with visual routines and rules charts posted throughout the house, such as in places they can easily see them. Doing this will keep these expectations top of mind.

Let your child pick their exercises.

Children need physical activity for numerous reasons, including strong bones, increased muscle strength, better energy levels, and academic focus. But forcing your kids into exercise will likely backfire; rather, make physical activity part of your lifestyle and show your kids just how beneficial physical activity can be!

Active games should be practiced together; hike to a lake for swimming or tubing; play sports together; and/or go on family bike rides together. You should try to limit sedentary activities like TV viewing, personal screen gaming, and playing with toys to prevent burnout.

Encourage your child to incorporate exercise into their everyday lives.

Children require at least an hour of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day, yet many families are struggling to balance schoolwork, work schedules, and the pandemic while trying to get their kids moving.

Families that incorporate physical activity into daily family life in ways that are enjoyable for kids will see greater engagement from children participating. Walking the dog, swimming at the neighbourhood pool, interval running, hiking, or playing tag can all be enjoyable activities to keep children active.

Give your child rewards.

Children require at least an hour of physical activity each day, but getting them moving may be challenging. An added incentive may help.

Find activities they enjoy for the best results when encouraging children to exercise. It is also key that they don’t become bored of any particular activity; by switching things up, they may learn new challenges while developing different skills.

Reward their efforts. There are various ways you can do this, but be wary of offering rewards that might lead to unhealthy habits.

The Best Exercises for the Nursery in Govan

kids playing indoor sports in nursery in Govan

Exercise is crucial for all kids, but particularly at nursery in Govan age, when children must adapt to a new environment while simultaneously developing cognitive and motor abilities.

Exercises for kids

boy in nursery in Govan stretching

Warming up is a crucial part of any physical activity, especially for young children, whose muscles and joints are still developing. For little ones, warm-up exercises should be simple, engaging, and fun, designed to gently prepare their bodies for more vigorous activities. Ideal warm-ups for young kids might include playful stretches like pretending to be animals stretching in the morning or imaginative games like “Simon Says,” focusing on gentle movements such as arm circles, toe touches, and marching in place. These activities not only help to increase blood flow and muscle temperature but also enhance their coordination and motor skills. The key is to keep these exercises light-hearted and inclusive, ensuring every child feels comfortable and excited to participate and setting a positive tone for the rest of the physical activity session.

The Best Exercises for Kids in the Nursery in Govan

Our table for Govan nursery exercises for kids offers a useful guide tailored for nurseries in the Govan area, introducing the perfect blend of fun and development for young minds. We meticulously choose each exercise to enhance physical, cognitive, and social growth in young children.

From circle time movement that encourages rhythm and social interaction to nature walks that connect little ones with the outdoors, this table provides a diverse range of activities suitable for various age groups. These exercises are not just about movement; they’re about nurturing a love for learning and exploration in a safe, engaging, and age-appropriate manner. Whether you’re a nursery professional or a parent, this guide is an invaluable resource for fostering holistic development in early childhood.

It’s important to tailor these activities to the specific needs and abilities of the children in your nursery. Always prioritise safety and fun in equal measure. This table can be a starting point for nurseries to design a comprehensive physical activity programme that aligns with early childhood learning frameworks in the UK.

Exercise TypeDescriptionKey BenefitsAge GroupDurationEquipment Needed
Circle Time Movement is a fun and engaging activity that promotes physical movement and social interaction.Group activity involving singing and simple movements (clapping, stomping)enhances coordination, rhythm, and social interaction2-4 years10-15 minNone
Obstacle CoursesCustomisable courses using soft play equipmentDeveloping motor skills, balance, and problem-solving abilities3-5 years15-20 minSoft mats, tunnels, and cones
Storytime YogaCombining storytelling with basic yoga posespromotes flexibility, concentration, and relaxation.2-5 years10-15 minYoga mats, storybooks
Sensory PlayActivities using different textures and materialsstimulates sensory development and creativity.1-3 yearsFlexibleVarious textures (fabric, foam, etc.)
Creative DanceFreestyle movement to musicencourages expression, rhythm, and physical fitness3-5 years15-20 minmusic player, open space
Nature WalksSupervised walks in a safe outdoor environmentconnects children with nature and enhances observation skills.3-5 years20-30 minAppropriate outdoor clothing
Parachute GamesPlay group games using a large parachute.builds teamwork, coordination, and gross motor skills2-5 years10-15 minLarge parachute

Nursery PE Games Without Equipment

Outdoor PE games don’t always need equipment; some newer nursery PE games may provide more fun ways of developing physical endurance, strength, balance, coordination, and mindfulness.

Students split up into pairs for this game and follow the teacher’s instructions, such as ‘front to front’ or’shoulder to shoulder’ commands that require linking arms with their partner each time she calls out these instructions.

Duck, Dusk, Goose

A classic nursery in Govan game for PE could be simple but fun. The duck, duck, goose game allows children to develop listening skills. Children sit in a circle with one child designated “it,” who then moves around outside of it, tapping each other on the head and saying either “duck” or “goose” each time they tap someone. If one child is tagged as a goose, they chase after “it” until they tag “it” and become “it” for the next round. After successfully being tagged as a goose, that person becomes it and takes their place.

There are over 1000 cosmetics to unlock, including hats, costumes, pets, death stingers, and player banners! Complete tasks and achieve benchmarks to gain access. Play in both public and private game lobbies featuring voice chat.

Wheelbarrow Race

The Wheelbarrow Race is an ancient game that first originated at fairs and carnivals before making its way into nursery schools. Children work together in pairs to compete in this fun nursery pe game; one child becomes the “wheelbarrow,” walking on their hands while their partner “drives” them towards the finish line.

This game is easy to set up and play indoors or outdoors, and it will have kids laughing as they race towards the end of the course. Plus, it teaches children teamwork!

Split your students into pairs and assign each of them a captain. The captains take turns running to both the left (port) and right (starboard) sides of the room, touching freedom cones or walls along their route. They are then tagged by captors, who must send players to jail. However, those who are tagged may be released by throwing balls from the sidelines within their pair. The first team to complete this fun relay race will win. Announce the winners at the finish line and reward them with treats if desired. This game is ideal for field day or camp games!

Star Wars: Lightsaber Tag

This nursery rhyme game allows kids to demonstrate the power of The Force as they try to tag one another with pool noodles cut in half. The student designated as “It” can launch lightsabers at any tagged student, who then forms an invisible bridge with another student until someone crawls under it to free them.

Once the Empire hears of rebel activity, they send in stormtroopers to deal with it. Select 2-3 students as stormtroopers by selecting a white pinnie and a yellow blaster (hula hoop). Make tags by kicking the blaster so it slides along the floor and touches someone from the rebel force; once tagged, students become frozen but can unfreeze themselves by tapping their Lightsaber against the floor.

Imperial forces then summon Darth Vader, their most fearsome leader. Select one student to play as Darth Vader; this person should wear black attire and carry a red blaster (hula hoop). All other students must avoid being hit by Vader’s blaster or they will become frozen. To unfreeze themselves, quickly tap your Lightsaber against the ground!

Other Exercises

Exercise for the nursery should be engaging activities that help kids use up excess energy while learning valuable life lessons. Exercise may include simple things such as hopping or dancing to music.

Grasping Exercises

Most babies have an automatic grasp reflex, in which their hand automatically grips when placed upon something. Over time, babies can develop a functional grip that is essential for picking things up, zipping zippers, buttoning shirts, drawing, and writing.

Consider placing tape of different lengths on the floor and encouraging your child to peel it. This activity strengthens their hands and fingers while developing their visual and perceptual skills. Also, try hanging toys or bells near them that encourage them to reach for them!

Crawling Exercises

Babies may make moving on all fours appear effortless, but their tiny muscles work hard to push with their legs and pull with their arms while simultaneously maintaining balance through wiggling hips and trunks. These movements give a full-body workout that burns fat and strengthens muscles.

Help your baby prepare to crawl by placing toys just out of reach on the floor to encourage scooting towards them. Also, try encouraging side-to-side movement by placing toys in safe spots on the floor so they can pivot around safely while playing.

Bear crawls and crab walks provide your baby with an ideal transitional exercise, strengthening both chest and arm muscles simultaneously. Once your baby becomes proficient at crawling, introduce bear crawls or crab walks as warm-up exercises; just like baby crawls, they can be performed anywhere!

Stretching Exercises

Stretching helps kids move more freely and reduces the risk of muscle strain. They can perform simple exercises like crossbody shoulder, toe touch stretch, camel pose, or dynamic stretching before sports or other physical activities.

Perform stretches after completing an effective warm-up, such as walking or jogging, to gradually raise the heart rate for 10 to 15 minutes. A good warm-up will increase blood flow to muscles, making stretching easier while decreasing the risk of injury.

Exercises that include singing help children focus and expend energy more efficiently, with classic songs like “If You’re Happy and You Know It” or “Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes” serving to build gross motor skills while being fun to do. Freeze dance can also provide a fun way of combining aerobic movement with music to improve balance and coordination while improving gross motor development.


At this stage, babies are learning to use their arms as support while sitting up. However, it is important not to overlook this milestone in development, even though babies may rock back and forth while using this tripod-like position and often topple over.

Once they can do a full sit-up, cycling their legs up and down, similar to pedalling on a bicycle, is an excellent way to strengthen hip, back, and core muscles as well as improve flexibility.

Your baby will find this activity entertaining, often smiling or cooing as their legs cycle back and forth. Play a song together like “If You’re Happy and You Know It” or “Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes.” Doing this activity together will help your child focus their attention while having fun and building strength.

Cycling Exercises

Cycling exercises in the nursery are a fun and engaging way to burn off energy and help children develop balance, strength, and coordination. Children can choose trikes or traditional bikes equipped with training wheels to pedal on to gradually build endurance over time.

Learning to ride a bicycle requires practice and concentration, making a safe environment with limited traffic an essential factor for proper cycle training. At first, children may need some guidance on how to ride an adult-sized bicycle but eventually their skills should come naturally and safely, without worry from other riders or obstacles in the way.

At first, toddlers can start by cycling their feet up and down in an imitation of pedalling a bicycle; this exercise helps develop their calf and thigh muscles, while eventually they may learn to do this with both arms at once! Once this technique becomes independent enough for their toddler, practice should continue regularly in order to develop coordination.

Lifting Exercises

As kids get older, they become able to learn to lift objects, which is an essential developmental exercise that strengthens arms and shoulders. You may begin with small toys like rattles or anything in their environment; usually around 3 or 4 months, placing these objects directly in front of them as they sit in a high chair or bouncy seat can encourage this skill development.

As they become stronger, they should advance to bench step-ups, where one foot moves forward in a large step before lowering into a lunge position and taking another large step forward, ideally doing several reps at a time before building up to more as their muscles gain strength.

Contrary to adults, when training children, they don’t need to reach muscular failure; rather, they should always be able to complete their exercises without excessive struggle and full control over movement. Depending on the activity involved, it may also be beneficial to take short rest breaks between sets.

Essential Tips Before Starting A Workout

Warm Up

It’s not smart to jump right into your workout without a proper warm-up. Doing so puts you at a greater risk for injury and can lead to an ineffective workout.

The warm-up should involve a combination of cardio, calisthenics and stretching. The exact types of exercises depend on the type of workout you plan to do. For example, lifting and other strength-training sessions require warming up the muscles that will be worked out, while a light cardio session like running doesn’t.


A workout can be an effective way to strengthen and tone the muscles, but it’s important to stretch those working muscles afterwards too. Failing to do so can lead to injury (no thanks).

There are different types of stretching, including static and dynamic stretches. Static stretches are usually performed while standing still for 30 or more seconds, like the classic touching your toes stretch. Dynamic stretches include running a muscle through its full range of motion, such as lunges and arm swings.


The food you eat impacts your energy levels and how well your body functions during exercise. Avoid sugary snacks that don’t fit into your overall healthy eating plan and instead choose snacks that are high in protein, carbohydrates and healthful fats.

To maximize your performance, eat something within an hour of exercising that provides both protein and carbs. Carbs can be converted into glucose for immediate energy during exercise, while protein saturates muscle stores to prevent their breakdown for energy.

What You Need To Know About Atlas Copco Compressors

Industrial air compressors are long term investments that play a major role in your factory. That’s why it is important to choose the right one for your application.

Atlas Copco innovates for sustainable productivity with industrial air compressor systems, air treatment products, vacuum solutions and industrial power tools. The company is also known for its manufacturing of construction and mining equipment.

Air Compressors

Atlas Copco innovates for sustainable productivity across several industry segments with air compressors. These compressors can power pneumatic tools, inflate tires, spray paint, clean surfaces and other industrial tasks that need pressurized air.

The most familiar type of air compressor is a reciprocating compressor. This design features a storage tank and either a single or double cylinder. It can be a portable design with wheels or stationary and may use gas, diesel, electric motors or other power sources.

Atlas Copco compressors are essential to most automotive shops, where they are used to inflate vehicle tires and in paint sprayers to airbrush car bodies. They also power a variety of tools in woodshops and help with cabinet and furniture construction.

Variable Speed Drive Compressors

VSD compressors use an on-demand approach and reduce energy consumption. If the air demand is low, the motor slows down and the resulting energy savings are considerable.

When air demands are high, the motor speeds up again to maintain a steady pressure level. This enables manufacturers to avoid costly spikes in energy consumption and prevents waste.

In contrast, a fixed speed compressor is either running at full power or not at all. The constant switching between the two states generates a lot of electrical energy and leads to unnecessary costs.

Screw Compressors

The compressor uses two inter-twined helical-shaped screws, called rotors, to compress air. This is a very different process from that used in a piston compressor, producing much less pulsation and surging of the flow. It also is extremely efficient, consuming significantly less energy than other models.

These types of compressors come in either “dry” or “wet/oil-flooded.” Dry screw compressors have a closely mated pair of rotors installed within a tight clearance cylinder bore; wet or oil-flooded compressors, on the other hand, have lubricating oil bridged between the rotors to create a hydraulic seal and transfer mechanical energy.

Customised Compressors

Atlas Copco Gas and Process has a range of customized compressors. The integrally geared machines feature up to four pinion shafts, eight impellers and high pressure ratios in a compact design. They can be driven by a steam turbine, electric motor or gas turbine. Atlas also offers non-geared centrifugal compressors for polyolefines and main air applications that handle flow volumes of up to 500,000 m3/h and have maximum input power up to 30 MW.

These compressors can be configured with a variety of options including dry gas purifiers, liquified gas transfer, vapor recovery and other accessories. They can also be equipped with temperature sensors that monitor air inlet and discharge temperatures as well as compressor coolant and oil temperature.

Top 5 Indian Recipes for Beginners in 2023

indian food ingredients

Indian cuisine is famed for its complex array of flavours that tantalise your senses, but this cuisine also stands out as being particularly plant-friendly, using spices to bring life to cauliflower, peas, and potatoes as delicious dishes.

Indian main dishes are frequently served alongside side dishes such as raita and papadum, as well as refreshing beverages like mango lassi. Thus, your meal won’t end until every last mouthwatering bite has been devoured!

indian food for beginners

Chicken Tikka Masala

Chicken Tikka Masala, one of the world’s most famous Indian dishes, provides an ideal introduction to its vibrant cuisine. Boasting yogurt-marinated broiled chicken in a rich tomato sauce spiced with cayenne pepper for maximum smokiness, richness, and sweetness (depending on how much cayenne pepper you add), Chicken Tikka Masala provides an unforgettable taste sensation reminiscent of its native country.

Chicken is traditionally prepared using a tandoor oven—a cylindrical clay oven capable of reaching temperatures as high as 900 degrees Fahrenheit! However, you can easily recreate this experience at home using either a skillet or your own rotisserie.

While this dish makes heavy use of butter and cream, it remains quite healthy with the addition of plain yoghurt, vegetables, and spices such as chilli. Vegetarians may opt to replace chicken with chickpeas, extra firm tofu, or paneer (see details below) instead; simply serve with basmati rice to complete this hearty Indian meal!


Indian food is an incredibly varied cuisine. Newcomers to cooking may mistakenly believe it to be time-consuming, complex, and spicy, but this is simply not true!

Jalfrezi is an easy, flavorful Indian dish that combines meat or vegetables in a sauce with various spices and peppers for an irresistibly tasty meal. Originating during British Raj times as an effective way for cooks to dispose of leftover roast meat, jalfrezi has since been enjoyed worldwide.

Indian staple, typically served with either naan or rice as the main accompaniments. Vegetarians will appreciate having it alongside dal tadka or vegetable sabzis (curries). A wonderful introduction to Indian cuisine!

Dal Makhani

This dish can either be slow-cooked in a tandoor oven or made in the pressure cooker; both methods provide delicious results! Try it when craving Punjabi-style food, such as Dhaba-style dishes. This creamy and flavorful dish pairs nicely with both roti and rice dishes!

Make it vegan-friendly by swapping out butter for plant-based oil and adding dairy-free milk or coconut cream as desired, but the rich texture that makes this dessert so delectable will likely be lost.

Soak 3/4 cup whole black gramme (whole urad) and 1/4 cup rajma in water overnight to reduce their cooking time and make them easier to digest. Once they’re softened up, combine them with water, ginger-garlic paste, onions, whole spices, and any additional desired flavours, such as smoked paprika, for an additional spicy kick!

Lamb Vindaloo

Lamb Vindaloo is an easy and hearty curry that comes together quickly. Packed with vibrant tangy notes from vinegar and mustard, coconut milk gives it richness, while cayenne pepper provides extra heat if you like heat!

Starting by creating the marinade for your lamb, combine water, the Vindaloo spice mix, white vinegar, ginger, and garlic in a blender until they form a paste-like substance. Pour this onto the lamb and allow it to marinate for at least an hour if possible.

Once ready to cook, heat some ghee or olive oil in a deep, thick-bottomed pan and sauté onions until soft and changing colour before adding marinated lamb and cooking for two more minutes before combining all of your remaining ingredients and simmering on low until your lamb is tender enough for serving with either rice or naan bread.

Saag Paneer

Saag Paneer is an easy way to explore Indian cuisine without too much effort. Made up of leafy greens and cottage cheese (paneer), this dish can either be served over rice or as a standalone meal.

Garam masala, an aromatic blend that can vary depending on where it’s prepared, adds depth to this dish by imparting flavours such as cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, peppercorns, and cumin.

For this dish, first start by cooking the paneer cubes in a large pan over medium-low heat until they turn golden brown and are removed from the heat source. When this step has been completed, move onto making your saag, which can include different leafy greens like spinach, methi leaves (methi), or chard.


If you’re ready to branch out from tikka masala and dosa, biryani is an excellent way to do it. Crafted by layering fragrant rice with meat and herbs reminiscent of rosewater, saffron, and cinnamon, its satisfying ratio of meat-to-rice makes it one of the world’s greatest culinary experiences!

Start by creating the chicken marinade: combine vegetable oil, garlic, chilli peppers, ginger, mint, cilantro, garam masala, and cinnamon together in a bowl before adding saffron for up to one hour or overnight marination of chicken breasts.

While your chicken marinates, prepare the saffron rice by washing it three times with water and caramelising your onions over low heat in ghee. Store your finished product in an airtight container until needed! Chauhan suggests finishing off your Indian meal with kheer, India’s creamy dessert made of condensed milk, raisins, pistachios, and cardamom!

Types of Carpark Surfacing & Parking Lot Waterproofing

aerial view of orange vibratory asphalt roller compactor on a new pavement

No matter whether it is a new car park or a refurbishment carpark surfacing project, waterproofing solutions provide effective protection from the elements for top decks, ground-bearing decks, intermediate decks, and ramps.

Tarmac (also known as bituminous macadam) is an affordable surface parking solution that requires minimal upkeep.

carpark surfacing men working


Tarmac is the go-to material for car park surfaces due to its durability and affordability compared to other options. Plus, its installation costs can be kept down by covering existing surfaces, which reduces installation times while minimising disruption to your business. Plus, it works perfectly fine on various surface types, including asphalt pavements and roads!

While tarmacadam can be resilient, it can still be vulnerable to damage from diesel or gasoline spillages, which may cause its bitumen to melt or dissolve when exposed to these chemicals. Weed growth also poses an imminent threat, making removal more challenging once established on its surface.

SMA (Stone Mastic Asphalt) is an alternative form of tarmacadam that features fewer external materials and lasts longer. It can be used to create hardwearing car parking surfaces capable of withstanding heavy vehicles and high volumes of traffic, and it is even suitable for heritage sites due to its ability to blend in seamlessly.

Resin-bound parking lot surfaces are increasingly popular choices due to their attractive, stony appearance. Resin-bound can be installed over existing asphalt or concrete surfaces for an easily customizable look without breaking the bank. Furthermore, resin-bound is permeable, allowing water drainage away from your car park, helping avoid flooding or ice buildup during the winter months and ensuring no flooding issues arise.

LC Surfacing offers a comprehensive suite of carpark surfacing services, from site preparation and utility laying through to the construction or resurfacing of your parking area. From domestic driveways to large multi-story car parks, our experienced staff has everything needed for success. Contact us now to discover more! We provide free quotes and can arrange visits directly to your property so we can discuss all available options with you. Reach out now for a consultation visit and more information!


Asphalt is an ideal surface material for car parks, as it is both durable and easily repairable, making repairs quick and maintenance simple. Furthermore, its smooth appearance demonstrates your commitment to aesthetics on your property. Installation takes only 48 hours with strong waterproof protection against heavy vehicles parked nearby.

Asphalt’s environmental friendliness is another benefit. Producing it does not require much energy and reduces emissions of toxic fumes and pollutants.

Asphalt differs from concrete in that it can be laid in layers without being affected by changing temperatures or freezing weather, making it ideal for areas prone to snow and ice accumulation, as this prevents its accumulation, which could otherwise crack the surface. Furthermore, it won’t be damaged by salt used on parking lots during the winter to melt snow and ice off their surfaces.

Before the asphalt can be laid on an existing surface, the existing surface must first be prepared by compacting any debris, roots, or rocks; clearing away any frost; and making sure structures like pipes or wires can move freely before beginning paving operations.

The initial asphalt layer to be laid over the prepared subgrade and compacted is known as the base course and must meet certain thickness specifications before compacting to achieve its full thickness. A spray-applied emulsified asphalt tack coat may then be added as the second layer, followed by a levelling course that acts to correct surface irregularities and any irregularities in their own right.

The surface course serves as the riding surface for vehicles and should be applied over the tamped base course. Up to 30% grit may be added to this layer in order to increase its hardness and meet the demands of vehicles driving on it.


Resin-bound paving is a popular choice for driveways and patios, but it also makes an excellent addition to car parks. Permeable resin-bound surfaces allow water to quickly drain back into its source, helping reduce flood risk while also helping prevent ponding or surface run-off. Plus, resin-bound surfaces are resistant to weeds, mould, maintenance costs, and slipperiness, making driving safer!

Resin-bound paving is created by binding natural aggregates together with resin to form an attractive yet hard-wearing surface that’s suitable for pedestrians and vehicles alike. Available in an array of colours to match your business branding or complement the landscape, HMS uses eco-friendly, locally sourced aggregates that produce stunning results while fitting seamlessly into their surroundings—even adding logos or designs into the resin for a truly personalised car park surface that’s sure to impress guests visiting your business!

Before applying resin, it is critical to properly prepare the base. This requires keeping it free from organic matter that could harm it; cleaning with sweeping, power washing, or vacuuming as soon as the resin has been applied will remove debris and oils; once applied, it can be hand trowelled for even coverage before aggregate is spread over it immediately before curing begins.

The use of high-quality aggregate tested to BS 8204-6:2008+A1:2010 Appendix B standards and compliant with SuDS guidelines is of utmost importance when installing any surface, particularly pedestrian areas that will require 4-5kg and 6–8 kg/m2, respectively. Furthermore, covers should be removed or lifted prior to beginning installations in order to minimise contamination issues with new surfaces.

As with tarmac, it’s essential to check weather conditions prior to installing a resin-bound surface. Rain and wind can negatively impact the resin; therefore, it is recommended to install this surface when conditions are calm and dry.


Gravel car parks provide an economical, quick, and eco-friendly alternative to asphalt or concrete car parks, making installation quick and simple while protecting the environment. Their loose texture can look particularly pleasing at heritage sites. Furthermore, gravel lays easily, even on uneven ground. Unfortunately, though, gravel doesn’t resist weed growth and will require regular sweeping as well as the occasional application of weed killer to maintain an attractive appearance, typically through regular sweeping or spraying with weed killer.

Asphalt provides a tougher surface that resists cracking and wear when used with HGVs, making it more durable than gravel and relatively cheaper than concrete. Line markings are easy to see due to asphalt’s dark hue, and rainwater runs off easily from its surface, causing issues for stormwater management systems. However, asphalt does not permeate, as rainwater runs off without percolation into groundwater systems and causes disruption.

Permeable paving solutions provide an eco-friendly surface that drains naturally while accommodating various vehicles, like cars, vans, trucks, and coaches. Porous plastic grids such as the PP25 or PP40 porous plastic paving grids make these permeable surfaces suitable for such projects as they allow gravel to remain contained while still offering strong support structures suitable for cars, vans, trucks, and coaches alike. When combined with SuDS (Sustainable Urban Drainage System), attenuation solutions like gravel car parks can become viable long-term solutions used year-round!

Consider sustainable and eco-friendly options when selecting surfaces for commercial parking areas to help lower both initial installation and ongoing maintenance costs. Consider SurePave Gravel and SurePave Grass with both PP25 and PP40 porous paver grids to reduce initial installation and ongoing maintenance expenses, with an array of colours to make these permeable surfacing options even more enticing to customers and employees while saving you money over time.

Let’s Help You Secure And Protect Your Online Activities In 2023

The world’s online landscape is advancing and becoming even more powerful than the offline one. Everything from finance to food is finding its place in the digital world. 

For instance, you can quickly move millions of dollars by entering a few digits on your cellphone. Additionally, you can find and order whatever you want from different websites.

But have you noticed the type of advertisements you see online? Why do they seem so relative to your needs? This is because your browsing habits are monitored. But it doesn’t end here.

There’s more at risk than your likes and dislikes. Online hackers and cybercriminals can access your files as well. 

This is why Cyber Security Guru has taken the initiative to inform internet users about online protection. We aim to make you understand the importance of online privacy in an easy-to-understand manner.

Privacy vs. Security 

Before you move on to the actual tools, it is important to understand the difference between privacy and security.

These two terms are related but different. Privacy is like a digital curtain, keeping your online actions and identity private. Just as you lock your home to prevent unwanted intrusion, privacy prevents anyone from seeing your online activities.

On the other hand, security is your guard. Anything that you do to protect your privacy is called security.

For instance, when you use anti-malware, you use security to protect your privacy.

The Right Privacy Tools

Below, we have discussed some essential tools to protect your privacy. Each has a distinct purpose and contributes to keeping you secure.

Anti-Malware Against Viruses

Just like real-life viruses make you sick, malware can make your devices sick. And to make things worse, you never know where these viruses are hidden. They could be on a website, in an email, or in a file you just downloaded.

Anti-malware is your shield against these online threats. It scans for hidden viruses and sends an alert as soon as they are discovered.

Encrypted Emails to Stay Discreet

Your emails carry sensitive information. Encrypting them is like locking them in a digital vault, safe from prying eyes.

If they are not encrypted, your information, such as your bank details, could go into the wrong hands.

A VPN to Keep You Safe

A virtual private network aims to keep your online activities safe and protected by actually hiding your real identity.

While we usually associate VPNs with commercial use, their applications go beyond that. 

When you activate a VPN, it forms an encrypted connection between your device and a remote server managed by the VPN service. 

Your online activities are directed through the tunnel to the server, relaying the data to the internet. Furthermore, incoming data follows the same path back to your device.

Time for A Security Upgrade

It’s time to elevate your online security with practical measures like unique passwords and anti-virus programs. Moreover, use the educational content on the Cyber Security Guru website to learn more about online safety. 

As the digital world progresses, so should your security measures. You can’t remove your previous history from the internet; however, you can keep it really safe.

Your digital protection starts here.

Ceiling Panels and Grid Ceilings

square panelled office ceiling

Ceiling panels are a great way to improve the acoustic properties of a room. They are available in a variety of materials, styles, and colours. Grid ceilings are a popular choice for commercial and industrial applications due to their durability and easy installation.

Some porous ceiling panels can have fungi, mildew, and mould growth that exacerbates health issues like sinus problems and asthma. When shopping for ceiling tiles that will help minimise moisture buildup while not providing an environment conducive to microbiological growth.

ceiling panels

Some composite materials used for ceiling panels contain formaldehyde binders that pose health hazards to humans and are carcinogenic, so select products using low-VOC binding agents as binding agents.


Gypsum ceiling panels are an efficient and cost-effective way to decorate walls and ceilings in homes and office buildings alike, serving both decoration and acoustic performance functions. Painting or texturing the panels allows them to match the decor of the space while offering superior acoustic performance.

Gypsum boards, commonly referred to as drywall or wallboard, consist of a noncombustible core wrapped with paper on its face, back, and long edges. Gypsum sheets come in sheets measuring 46 feet that are attached with clips or screws to a frame for attachment to an OSB subfloor or steel joists. Glueing increases frequency and deflection, while fastening with screws reduces both.

Gypsum surfaces can be textured to hide seams and give a finished appearance by brushing, rolling, spraying, or troweling proprietary texture material over a layer of joint compound.

Mineral Fibre

Commercial panel and grid ceilings are considered affordable compared to drywall ceilings, maintenance-friendly, and suitable for an office environment. Yet many professionals also view them as fragile, demanding more maintenance effort, and lacking an eye-catching appearance that allows for improvements.

Mineral fibre false ceilings add elegance to interior design with their elegant acoustic properties. They are made up of natural minerals, fibreglass, stone wool, and slag fibre. Widely used suspended grid ceiling channels

Our faux mineral ceiling tiles are waterproof thermoplastic panels designed for lay-in ceiling applications that can easily be washed down and wiped clean to meet most health department standards. Available in 2′ x 2′ sizes for lay-in applications and easily installed using our clip system, which attaches securely to existing grids without air leaks or additional framing requirements, these faux mineral tiles meet most health department guidelines for hygiene compliance.


Fibreglass ceiling panels provide numerous benefits across a range of rooms. Their light reflectance makes them non-combustible, and their sound absorption properties result in low noise reduction coefficients (NRC). Furthermore, fibreglass panels can even act as insulation.

Such materials contain a formaldehyde-based binder, which may pose health hazards during installation and removal by producing microfibers that irritate respiratory systems and eventually lead to lung damage over time.

These products require special care during installation and removal with power equipment to avoid free crystalline silica dust becoming airborne and potentially creating health hazards. Utilising local exhaust ventilation systems with NIOSH-approved respirators will minimise this health hazard. Furthermore, moisture-absorbing fibreglass ceilings may absorb and harbour moisture, which creates mould or mildew issues, especially in wet or humid areas with elevated levels of humidity. Moisture-resistant fibreglass ceilings could help mitigate this issue significantly.

Wood Fibre

Wood fibre ceiling panels come in an assortment of colours to match any decor, while their textures can add a unique style. Available as lay-ins, wall panels, direct attach, backfill, T-slot, or routed designs, they make a great choice for bars, restaurants, sports and entertainment venues, convention centres, industrial facilities, airports, as well as schools, music rooms, gyms, and houses of worship.

Most wood fibre panels produced today do not contain asbestos and can safely be used in new construction and retrofit projects without risk. They must, however, be installed over an insulation system in order to minimise heat loss.

When installing new plywood panels, use exterior-grade wood putty that’s designed for exterior use and is also stain-resistant. If damage to structural strength is extensive or affects it significantly, replacement may be necessary. Many fiberboards expand and contract with humidity, so gaps should be left for expansion and contraction movements. It is essential that finish products used on these panels (paints and stains) contain low VOC content for safe use.